Strong and healthy gums are teeth are essential for every living soul. You can eat well and enjoy your foods only when your teeth and the gums are healthy. A number of problems or issues may affect your oral health. But as we grow older, it is our responsibility to take proper care of our overall mouth so that the teeth and gums remain healthy and strong.
Caries or tooth decay
A hard coating covers the teeth from outside; it is called the enamel. A very thin film of bacteria builds up on the enamel surface day in and day out. It is called dental plaque. The bacteria in the plaque produce a certain kind of acids which erode away the enamel creating cavities in the tooth. Tooth cavities are also called caries. Proper brushing and flossing every day is a good way to prevent caries from forming. But once a cavity is formed, a dentist must attend to it with dental filling to ensure it does not do any further damage to either that particular tooth or your overall oral health.
Brush the teeth with fluoride toothpaste to minimise the chances of tooth decay. If you are at higher risk of developing decays in the teeth you may need more fluoride to overcome the risk. Consult your dentist or dental hygienist; they may give you the necessary fluoride treatment in the office or may prescribe you a gel or mouth rinse to use at home.
We have already mentioned plaques above. Gum disease starts with building up of plaques along as well as under an individual’s gum line. These bacterial plaques cause an infection that damages the tissues and the bones of the gum which play a crucial role in holding the teeth in place. At initial stages gum disease makes your gums tender and reddish. Bleeding is also more likely to occur from the gums at this stage. This problem according to dental terms is called gingivitis. You can overcome this issue easily through proper brushing and flossing on daily basis. At advanced stage the problem is called periodontitis. This is a serious problem and must be treated by a qualified dentist. If proper treatment is not met, the problem is likely to lead to acute soreness, severe bleeding of the gums and painful chewing. In extreme cases periodontitis may also lead to tooth loss.
How can you prevent gum disease?
Here are few tried and tested tips to prevent the problem.
- Properly brush the teeth twice every day using fluoride toothpaste and a toothbrush with soft bristles
- Floss the teeth once every day
- Eat a balanced diet round the year
- Give up smoking or any other form of tobacco consumption because tobacco raises the risk of gum disease
- Visit your dentist for routine checkups
In addition to the points mentioned above, professional cleaning of the teeth once in six months is essential to keep gum disease away.
Tips to properly clean the teeth and the gums
Remember just brushing and flossing the teeth are not sufficient to keep them free from diseases. You must brush and floss the right way. Here are few tips to make the tasks easier.
- Use a toothbrush with soft bristles and fluoride toothpaste – as already mentioned above.
- Gently brush all the three surfaces of the teeth is small circular motions as well as short back and forth strokes.
- Replace the toothbrush every 3 to 4 months.
- Gently brush along the gum line too.
- Brush the tongue lightly every day or clean it with a tongue scrapper.
- Use a dental floss to clean the area in between the adjacent teeth.
- You may also use either water floss, pre threaded floss or any similar product instead of a dental floss.
- Flossing is helpful to clean the areas of the mouth where a toothbrush cannot reach.
- Rinse the mouth well after flossing.
Patients suffering from chronic arthritis or any other physical condition that limit the motion of the hands usually find it difficult to use a toothbrush properly. Here are few helpful tips for them.
- Invest in an electric toothbrush. These days battery operated ones are also available.
- Get a toothbrush with a larger handle.
- Make use of a wide elastic band to attach the handle of the toothbrush with your hand.
If brushing or flossing hurts or causes bleeding in the gums visit your dentist without delay. Use a floss holder in case flossing proves difficult. Remember your dentist is the best person to show you the right techniques of both brushing and flossing the teeth.
Dentures are false teeth that replace your badly damaged or lost teeth due to gum disease. Denture is singular and is the replacement of a single tooth. Partial dentures can easily fill in one or more teeth that go missing. According to an private dentist wimbledon, dentures are strange to feel initially. So you may have to visit your dentist in quick succession to get the dentures fix properly. Later your gums may change their shape and so the dentures may require adjustment or replacement. Make sure only a qualified dentist handles all these adjustments related to your dentures.